#MakingGayHistory mines Eric Marcus’ 30-year-old audio archive to bring the voices of queer history to life in a moving podcast. Listen and enjoy👇🏽
On October 7, 1998, Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming, was beaten, robbed, and left tied to a wooden fence post outside Laramie, Wyoming. He died five days later, on October 12, 1998. Matthew Shepard’s murder forced the nation to acknowledge the hate crimes committed against LGBTQ people. Eric and comedian Ellen DeGeneres discussed Matthew’s killing during their 2001 interview. #makinggayhistory #matthewshepard
#NationalComingOutDay was launched on October 11, 1988, co-founded by Jean O’Leary and Robert Eichberg to mark the anniversary of the 1987 March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights. On that inaugural Coming Out Day, journalist Greg Brock was on the set of the Oprah Winfrey Show in Chicago, Illinois, preparing to come out to his family on national television. Originally from the small town of Crystal Springs, Mississippi, Greg had been living and working in San Francisco as an editor for the San Francisco Examiner, the Washington Post, and then the New York Times. “Every year you got further and further away from your family,” Greg observed. On October 11, 1988, Greg was about to bridge that distance by telling his parents that he was gay. #makinggayhistory #comingoutday ⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Greg Brock (far left), Jean O’Leary (third from left), Robert Eichberg (second from right), National Coming Out Day at the Oprah Winfrey Show, Chicago, Illinois, October 11, 1988. Credit: Courtesy Greg Brock.⠀
“200,000 March in Capital to Seek Gay Rights and Money for AIDS,” read the New York Times headline following the second National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, which took place on October 11, 1987. October is #LGBTHistoryMonth for good reason: a number of important milestones in LGBTQ history occurred in October, including the 1987 march in Washington D.C.⠀ ⠀ “This isn't a parade. We have our gay rights parades to give us a sense of community, so we won't feel alienated. This is a march for freedom.” - Kay Osterg, co-chairwoman of the 1987 march⠀ ⠀ “We are here today to show America and the world that the gay movement is larger, stronger, and more diverse than ever. We are sending a message to our leaders here in Washington that gays are a united force that will have to be reckoned with. And we will be persistent and unrelenting in our pressure.” - Buffy Dunker, an 82-year-old grandmother and march attendee who announced that she was gay at the age of 72.⠀ ⠀ Quotes from the October 12, 1987, article for the New York Times by Lena Williams. Photo: March participants, including Morris Kight (above “March”) and Harvey Fierstein (above “Wash”) carry a banner as they parade in front of the White House. Source: AP Photo. #makinggayhistory⠀
“What did you find?” Eric asked journalist and CNN anchor Tom Cassidy near the top of his October 8, 1990, interview. Tom had just explained the frustration he’d experienced when, in college, he’d developed feelings for his straight roommate. So Tom packed up and headed to Europe to do some soul-searching. Curious about how he answered Eric’s question? (Of course you are.) Listen to his episode for the rest of the story. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Tom Cassidy at rowing regatta, Princeton, New Jersey, 1971. Credit: Courtesy Whit Raymond.
Dr. Evelyn Hooker did nothing short of rock the field of psychology when, in 1956, she presented her study, “The Adjustment of the Male Overt Homosexual,” at the American Psychological Association (APA) convention in Chicago. With academic and professional rigor, she proved that the commonly held belief that gay people were by nature mentally ill had no basis in science and was, therefore, simply false. Dr. Hooker’s work changed the lives of countless LGBTQ people. Listening to her makes our eyes well up with gratitude. #makinggayhistory Audiogram image: Dr. Evelyn Hooker in a still from the movie “Changing Our Minds: The Story of Dr. Evelyn Hooker,” via @kanopy
“This is a crock of shit.” Kay Lahusen refused to buy into the prevailing theory, circa 1950s, that her natural desires for women were wrong. Along with her life partner and fellow activist, Barbara Gittings, Kay Lahusen helped supercharge the nascent movement in the 1960s. #makinggayhistory Audiogram image: Kay Lahusen on the picket line in front of Independence Hall in Philadelphia, July 4, 1969. Credit: Nancy M. Tucker, Courtesy ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives at the USC Libraries.
Meet Chuck Rowland. Chuck was one of five men who gathered in a Los Angeles apartment in November 1950 to found the Mattachine Society, a gay rights organization (not the first gay rights group in the U.S. -- that distinction goes to a very short-lived organization called the Society for Human Rights, which was founded in Chicago in 1924). Chuck served in the U.S. Army during World War II and came home full of idealism and determination. Chuck was going to change the world, and he went right to work for a veterans organization that promoted racial equality and women’s rights. Then, he joined the Communist Party, because he thought that the communists knew how to get things done. But it was fighting for the rights of gay people that really captured Chuck’s imagination and passion. #makinggayhistory Audiogram image: 1960 flyer from the Mattachine Society Inc. of New York. The New York Public Library, Manuscripts and Archives Division.
“... a great film could be made about the tragedy, and the drama, and the courage of this community in the face of a fatal disease. In my life I’ve never seen such courage, the way people are bearing up, losing their friends. There’s a story there. There’s a movie there.” Vito Russo speaking with Eric about the legacy of Hollywood’s depiction of the LGBTQ community on film. Vito Russo is best known for his 1981 landmark book, “The Celluloid Closet: Homosexuality in the Movies,” and for co-founding both GLAAD (originally known as the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation), and ACT UP (the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power). #makinggayhistory #lgbthistorymonth⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Vito Russo in the early 1980s. Credit: Lee Snider.
Shy, perhaps, but Jeanne Manford was also fierce. She loved her son, Morty, unconditionally. Together, mother and son (and father, Jules!) co-founded the first organization for parents of gay people that ultimately became PFLAG (originally known as Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays). Jeanne made history when she walked with Morty in the 1972 Christopher Street Liberation Day March, holding a sign that implored other parents to “unite in support for our children.” Her public display of support, as Morty told Eric, “was a sign of great hope that parents can be supportive, that the people we’re closest to, whom we love the most need not be our enemies, can be our supporters.” #makinggayhistory #lgbthistorymonth⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Jeanne Manford at the 1972 New York City Gay Pride March.
It’s the 1st of a new month -- LGBTQ History Month, no less -- so let’s go back to the very beginning. Season 1, episode 1, featured Eric speaking to trans activist and icon Sylvia Rivera. “Tape 1, Side 1,” Eric logs for the record. Listen here to the first 1 minute (okay, maybe a little over a minute) of Sylvia sharing her story. #makinggayhistory #lgbthistorymonth⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Sylvia Rivera (holding banner) and Marsha P. Johnson (carrying cooler) representing their organization, the Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (STAR), at the Christopher Street Liberation Day Gay Pride Parade, New York City, June 24, 1973. Credit: Leonard Fink, courtesy LGBT Community Center National History Archive.⠀
“Odyssey of a Unicorn” was the name of Nancy Walker’s column in Gay Community News, a national gay weekly published in Boston. The column ran from the mid-70s to the mid-80s. “It was sort of like ‘The Perils of Pauline,’ personal essays, or whatever happened during that week,” Nancy explained to Eric. “One of my favorite columns was the one about ‘A’ people and ‘Z’ people always getting together…” When Nancy herself found love—with a woman she described as “too tall and [...] gawky”—she didn’t quite trust her own luck. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Nancy Walker (right) with her partner, Penny Tzougros, in their backyard in a leafy neighborhood just outside Boston, Massachusetts, 1987.⠀
Have you ever been so happy you could cry … over a game of spin the bottle? Joyce Hunter was overcome with emotion when she interrupted a playful kissing session among students at the Harvey Milk High School, an alternative New York City public high school primarily for at-risk LGBTQ young people, which she co-founded with Steve Ashkinazy in 1985. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Joyce Hunter with her wife Jan Baer, New York City Pride March, mid-1990s. Credit: Courtesy Joyce Hunter.
Wear a skirt and follow the “female rules,” or wear pants and “dress like a man, act like a man, and follow those rules.” Martha Shelley refused to accept either of these limiting, binary options: “I always had a strong feeling against being pushed into a role or made to follow orders that didn’t make sense to me.” #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Portrait of Martha Shelley from photographer Robert Giard’s series, Particular Voices: Portraits of Gay and Lesbian Writers, published in 1997. Credit: Photo by Robert Giard © Jonathan G. Silin courtesy of the Yale University Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library.⠀
What does it mean to be gay in America? In 1989, a 16-part series produced by Greg Brock, then the highest ranking openly gay newspaper editor in the country, explored that question in the San Francisco Examiner. Thirty years later, how might we answer that question? We’re eager to hear from you, friends and followers, in the comments below or on our Stories. Listen to Greg share with Eric how he came out to his mother (before coming out on national TV on the Oprah Winfrey Show).⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Front page/cover sheet for the @sfexaminer “Gay in America” series, June 4, 1989. Credit: Courtesy of the Oakland Museum of California.
“Gay Is Good” might not seem a controversial phrase today, but in 1968, when Frank Kameny wrote those three words on a picketing sign and raised it proudly for all to see, it was a radical battle cry. Frank was a tireless, committed, militant force for change to whom we all owe so much. Listening to Frank’s episode you learn that he lived by three rules that should inspire us all: (1) Have absolute confidence in your beliefs; (2) Fight for what’s right; (3) Never, ever give up. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Frank Kameny coined the phrase “Gay Is Good” in 1968, patterned after “Black Is Beautiful.” Credit: Courtesy the Kameny Papers.
The defiance in those eyes... Perhaps you’ve seen this provocative, mischievous 1953 photo of two young men. They’re packed into a photo booth and looking directly at the camera. On the right is J.J. Belanger; on the left is Robert Block. In 1989, Eric met J.J. and was able to capture, with his trusty tape recorder, the voice and the life behind that iconic image—decades before the photo resurfaced. Have a listen (link in bio). #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Robert Block (left) and J. J. Belanger in a photo booth photo (one of two), Hastings Park, Vancouver, Canada, 1953. Credit: Courtesy ONE Archives at the USC Libraries.⠀
“I’m a bisexual ki-ki sonofabitch butch femme." - Stella Rush aka Sten Russell #BiVisibilityDay⠀ ⠀ Stella Rush and Sten Russell were two sides of the same coin. Stella was a woman caught between categories, in search of acceptance; Sten was the byline for dozens of ONE magazine articles beginning in 1954 (it even graced the magazine’s June 1960 cover). Stella was bisexual and described herself as “ki-ki,” a derogatory term used in mid-century lesbian culture for women who didn’t sort themselves into the expected butch-femme binary. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Stella Rush (aka Sten Russell) during a taping for the Lesbian Herstory Archives Daughters of Bilitis Video Project, San Francisco, May 15, 1987. Credit: Still from DOB Video Project, © Lesbian Herstory Archives DOB Video Project, LHEF, Inc. ⠀
There was a tipping point. As Morris Kight explained to Eric, if too large a group of “well-known, or known, or identified, or” — and brace yourself for this next one — “seemingly identified homosexuals” gathered in a place of public accommodation, the establishment could be closed by authorities. Barney Anthony, the owner of Barney’s Beanery in Los Angeles’s West Hollywood neighborhood, had always been easygoing about the presence of gay men and lesbians at his bar. Until one day, the local sheriff rolled in with a warning. Listen to Morris as he tells Eric about the infamous “Fagots” [sic] sign that prompted weeks of organized picketing and protest at Barney’s Beanery. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Barney’s Beanery, 8447 Santa Monica Blvd, West Hollywood, CA, May 10, 2006. Credit: ©Mike Dillon via Wikimedia Commons CC-BY-SA-3.0.⠀
Fear. That’s the simple reason why the early Mattachine Society was a secret organization. “[Sen. Joseph] McCarthy was doing his thing and spreading fear among homosexuals and among all kinds of people and having lots of time on television and the like and equating the condition of homosexuality with communism,” recalled Hal Call. “And of course communism at that time was an ogre, was a specter, a demon that we can’t even imagine today.” So Hal and others moved to rid the Mattachine Society of any harmful associations with communism. Their plan: oust the founders. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram images: (1) Life Magazine, June 1964 via @aflashbak; (2) Portrait of Hal Call, 1953. Credit: Harold L. Call papers, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives at the USC Libraries.⠀
Morty Manford was there as the NYPD raided the Stonewall Inn on June 28, 1969. “I wasn’t looking for a fight,” he remembered. Witnessing the uprising on Christopher Street, in NYC’s Greenwich Village, “was a very emotional turning point” for Morty, who later became a passionate and inspiring leader within the Gay Activists Alliance and, along with his mother, Jeanne, founded an organization for parents of gay people (the precursor of PFLAG). We’re so fortunate to be able to hear him describe these history-making events during his 1989 interview with Eric. This week (September 17), Morty would have been 69 years old. He died from complications of AIDS in 1992. He was just 41 years old. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Morty Manford following his arrest at a GAA (Gay Activists Alliance) Board of Examiners "zap" protest, New York City, 1971. Credit: Photo by Rich Wandel courtesy of Manuscripts and Archives Division, The New York Public Library.
Dear Abby’s 1972 advice for Up in Arms was succinct, amusing, and *fierce* all at once: “You could move.” As “Up” lamented over what to do about identifiably gay people who had recently arrived in their previously respectable (but no more!) neighborhood, Abby made it clear that the solution -- the way to return dignity to the neighborhood -- was for close-minded and judgemental individuals like “Up” to take their leave. Abby didn’t shy away from the topic of homosexuality -- or any subject she felt strongly about, no matter how controversial. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Pauline Phillips, a.k.a. Abigail Van Buren, a.k.a “Dear Abby,” in her home office in Beverly Hills. Credit: Genaro Molina / Los Angeles Times.⠀
Vito Russo knew they were all full of sh*t: the Catholic school instructors who’d lectured him from grammar school through high school, the movies whose propaganda he sat through in theaters. “For some reason I knew they were full of sh*t, that this was not wrong, and that if something so natural to who I was could be, that it had to be okay.” But there was no shortage of people and institutions trying to convince Vito, and the whole of America, otherwise. Hollywood in particular. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Actors Dirk Bogarde and Sylvia Syms in a still from the film “Victim,” via @guardianuk.⠀
It was a Sunday in September -- not so different, perhaps, than today -- when Del Martin, Phyllis Lyon, and their friend Nonny came up with the idea for “a social club. A secret social club.” And so the Daughters of Bilitis, the first organization for lesbians, began to take shape. #makinggayhistory ⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: A Daughters of Bilitis breakfast, San Francisco, California, 1959. From left to right: Del Martin, Josie, Jan, Marge, Bev Hickok, Phyllis Lyon. Credit: Unknown.⠀
Bibliophile, activist, fashion icon (love that shirt!). Although not a librarian by profession, Barbara Gittings jumped at the opportunity, in 1970, to join “a group of gays [which] had formed in the American Library Association,” in New York City. She rejoiced: “Books! Libraries! That rang bells for me.” Hear how significant books, literature, and reading were in Barbara’s life. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Photo by Annette Lein taken during the American Library Association celebration and Social Responsibilities Roundtable Award for Barbara Gittings. Source: Philadelphia Gay News, July 23, 1982, via @nypl
How do you fight for your rights if you don’t exist? How do you form an identity if your love is deemed criminal? In the early 1950s, Harry Hay and others began to organize, to speak in one shared voice for gay rights. To be successful, though, Harry knew that, “we would have to have hetero people who would, with whom we could work and who could hear us.” Why? Because no one would listen to criminals. And so, Harry recruited his mother, Margaret, as the first president of the Mattachine Foundation. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: John Burnside, Harry Hay’s partner, and Margaret Hay, Harry’s mother, at their Oakcrest Road home in Los Angeles, August 1964. Courtesy: LGTQIA Center, San Francisco Public Library.⠀
It’s September 1947 and the fourth issue of “Vice Versa,” Edythe Eyde’s self-published magazine (quite literally, typed on her office typewriter using five sheets of carbon paper during her “day job” as a secretary at RKO Pictures), is making the rounds. “I would also say to the girls as I passed the magazines out, ‘Now when you get through with this, don’t throw it away. Pass it on to another gay gal.’ We didn’t use the term lesbian so much then. We just said gay gal.” #makinggayhistory ⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Edythe Eyde in the late 1940s. Credit: ONE Archives at the USC Libraries.⠀
It’s tape one, side one, of the 1989 interview Eric conducted with J.J. Belanger, veteran of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps and Mattachine Society member. And J.J. begins with an anecdote about his father’s knowledge of and (lack of) reaction to J.J.’s sexuality. “See you in the morning at breakfast!” #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: J. J. Belanger (left) and Daryl Mutz in Stanley Park, Vancouver, British Columbia, September 1953. Credit: Courtesy ONE Archives at the USC Libraries.⠀
“I wonder how long he has?” Eric wondered in his 1990 interview notes. He was referring to Tom Cassidy, a rising star at CNN and a gay man diagnosed with AIDS. Unlike some gay men, whose high-profile careers led them to disappear from public life when they became seriously ill, Tom Cassidy chose the opposite course. He decided to bring his experience into the living rooms of viewers through a three-part television series produced by journalist Mike Taibbi for WCBS-TV, New York City’s CBS affiliate. Seven months after their interview, Tom Cassidy died, on May 26, 1991. He was 41 years old. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Tom Cassidy in an undated photo. Credit: Courtesy Whit Raymond.⠀
Stella Rush defied the binaries that defined gender—gay or straight, butch or femme... And she defied society’s expectations to settle down with a man, marry, and raise a brood of her own. Stella took risks. While working as a civil servant (at the peak of the Lavender Scare, no less), she chose to write for ONE magazine. If discovered, Stella would almost certainly have been fired. That’s where the nom de plume “Sten Russell” came in. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: From left to right, Stella Rush, Keith St. Clare of Vanguard, Harry Hay, and Jim Kepner at the Western Regional Homophile Planning Conference at Aldersgate Lodge in Los Angeles, April 1967. Credit: Pat Rocco/ONE Archives at the USC Libraries.
Sometimes, all you have to do is ask. At the end of episode 4 of season 4, which features Eric’s three interviews with the co-founders of ONE -- Dorr Legg, Martin Block, and Jim Kepner -- we asked listeners if they knew anything more about Merton Byrd. Byrd is described as the founder of the Knights of the Clock, a group whose formation date (pre- or post-Mattachine Society?) and impact (a six-week blip or more enduring?) varied depending on who we asked. We’d have loved to have asked Byrd to get the details straight, but our search yielded nothing more than vapors. So we asked our listeners to email with any leads. And Michael J. Leclerc, professional geneaologist and podcast fan, did. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: W. Dorr Legg (left and heard speaking with Eric in this clip) standing next to Bailey Whitaker and others, undated. Credit: ONE Archives at the USC Libraries.⠀ ⠀ What we now know about Merton Byrd, courtesy of Michael J. Leclerc, professional genealogist:⠀ -- Merton Byrd was born in Xenia, Ohio, on August 25, 1918, the youngest of eight children of Edward Walter and Ella Mae (Brown) Byrd. His father was a railroad laborer. His parents divorced by 1929, and both remarried. Merton lived with his mother, siblings, and stepfather, Thomas Stewart. His stepfather was a machine operator in a cordage factory, and his mother worked as a maid. His grandfather Benjamin Franklin Byrd was born into slavery in Kentucky; his family moved to Xenia after the Civil War.⠀ -- In 1942 Merton enlisted in the U.S. Army at Tacoma, Washington, but was released a little over two weeks later. Unfortunately, most of the Army service records from that period were destroyed in a fire, so no more information about his separation from the Army is available.⠀ -- By 1944 Merton was living in Los Angeles. In 1959 he was convicted of forging checks from the Pacific Coast Wrecking Company, where he was employed as a bookkeeper. In 1960 he appealed the conviction, asking for a new trial, but the appeal was denied. Interestingly, the court case included testimony about Merton suddenly getting fashionable clothes and a flashy car.⠀ -- Merton died on January 12, 1976 (location unk
High-energy, high-drama … that was Morris Kight. A Texas native who found his way to Los Angeles in the late 1950s, Morris was passionate about social justice, active in organizing for labor, civil rights, and the anti-Vietnam War movement. On the side, he informally helped LGBTQ people with referrals and resources during an era when gay people faced routine discrimination and worse. He would go on to found L.A.’s Gay Liberation Front in 1969 (no, not in response to the Stonewall rebellion … click through to his full interview for more details). Listen as Morris explains to Eric why the GLF meetings were so popular -- and so important. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Gay Liberation Front protests forced the owner of the West Hollywood bar The Farm to rescind the no-touching rule prevalent at gay bars at the time. Morris Kight (far left), Don Kilhefner (third from the right), and Stan Williams (second from the right), 1970. Credit: ©Lee Mason/ONE Archives at the USC Libraries.
Phyllis Lyon and Del Martin were both journalists, and a dynamic duo. So to publish a magazine on behalf of the Daughters of Bilitis (DOB), the first organization for lesbians, which the couple co-founded in 1955, was a natural extension of their expertise and an important community-building vehicle for DOB. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: The Ladder, January 1966, featuring LGBT civil rights pioneer Lilli Vincenz on the cover. Credit: Courtesy of the @librarycongress .
“Drivel!” exclaims Frank Kameny. He’s describing the modus operandi of the early homophile movement. Were people frightened to project their voices? Certainly. Beyond that, though, Frank felt that too many of his fellow homosexuals lacked “intellectual strength,” allowing supposed experts to speak for them. Oh, but they did *not* speak for Frank. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Frank Kameny at 1985 Gay Pride Day. Credit: Doug Hinckle, @washblade
How many times have you listened to Eric’s interview with Wendell Sayers? And each time, haven’t you yearned to put a face to the voice, to the story? Today, you can, thanks to genealogist Michael J. Leclerc. We’ve updated the notes for season 1, episode 2, to now include this class photo of Wendell along with biographical details previously unknown to us. #makinggayhistory⠀ ⠀ Audiogram image: Freshman photo of Wendell Sayers, second from top left, in the Washburn College yearbook, School of Law, The Kaw (Topeka, KS: Washburn College, 1904–1933: 55). Credit: Ancestry.com.⠀ ⠀ New genealogical findings:⠀ -- Wendell Phillip Sayers was born April 29, 1904 in Nicodemus, Kansas—a town created after the Civil War specifically for ex-slaves. Wendell’s grandparents were all former slaves.⠀ -- Wendell was the adopted son of William L. Sayers (1872–1956) and Sarah F. Bates (1872–1943). William and Sarah both came from large families; each had nine siblings. Wendell’s birth parents were William’s older brother George and Sarah’s older sister Mary, who had eight children. William and Sarah had been married for almost 10 years without having children of their own; George and Mary gave their youngest son to their childless siblings, who would go on to adopt two more children, both girls.⠀ -- Following in his father’s footsteps, Wendell attended Washburn College in Topeka, Kansas, where he later also obtained his JD.⠀
“We were doing something new. We were doing something righteous. We were part of the generation of committed youth.” - Morty Manford, speaking about the spirit of Gay Activist Alliance (GAA) members in the wake of the 1969 Stonewall uprising. While Morty found the Gay Liberation Front’s politics left him “uninspired,” he found GAA, by contrast, to be “very appealing. We truly felt we were being a part of history.” Listen to gay activist Morty Manford, from season 3, episode 11. #makinggayhistory Image: Morty Manford talking to press on the steps of New York City Hall, early 1970s. Credit: Photo by Bettye Lane, courtesy of Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.